“Brain drain” refers to the flight of human capital from developing countries to developed countries in the search for better opportunities and futures.
It has been seen as a trend now that
Bangladeshi graduates almost religiously go for the prospect of leaving their homeland to complete their next level of education, and eventually settle into the countries of their choice.
There are many reasons for it. Firstly the standard of living in developing countries is low and earning is very poor.That is why people suffer from insecurity and feel unwilling to live in the country. So, they try to go abroad. Secondly, skilled and highly experienced people don’t find related jobs in own countries or countries can not afford them. So, they try to find jobs in foreign countries. Thirdly, it is often seen the government of an underdeveloped and developing country doesn’t support its talented persons. Therefore they have to live their own land for their betterment.
It is common in the Less Developed Countries (LDCs), meaning Bangladesh also suffers from it. Around 82% of young people aged 15-29 expressed their desire to leave the country in a survey by the World Economic Forum.
Brain drain essentially limits a country’s capacity for growth as intellectuals and skilled workers leave. Expertise and knowledge in crucial sectors, like healthcare, technology, and research, are lost with the exodus and the advancement of these fields is stunted. The economic benefit these individuals would have offered in the home country is also lost.
When the educated and trained people from our country go away to other countries, our development work suffers a lot. We will lag behind to progress. A country has to spend a huge sum of money to educate a person. The country doesn’t get service from him if he leaves the country.
Govt. should give them proper working opportunities and better salary. Above all, people should have a patriotic feeling and will to serve the country.