Procrastination is the act of unnecessarily delaying decisions or actions. For instance, if you need to complete an assignment but end up wasting time on the internet even though you know you should be working, that means that you’re procrastinating. All of us procrastinate every now and then. The reasons for Procrastination are:
- Abstract goals:
People are more likely to procrastinate when their goals are vague or abstract. For example, goals such as “get fit” or “start exercising” are relatively vague, and are therefore likely to lead to procrastination.
- Optimism about the future:
People sometimes procrastinate on tasks because they are optimistic about their ability to complete those tasks in the future. For example, a student might decide to postpone getting started on an assignment that is due a few weeks from now, because they feel that there will be plenty of time to get it done later. In many cases, this form of optimism might occur as a result of underestimating the time it will take to complete the tasks in question.
- Lack of Motivation:
People often procrastinate because they are not motivated enough to work on a given task. For example, a student might procrastinate when it comes to studying for a test in a subject that isn’t relevant to their major because they don’t care about getting a good grade on it.
- Feeling Overwhelmed:
People sometimes procrastinate because they feel overwhelmed with concern about the tasks that they need to handle. When this happens, a person might simply decide to avoid the tasks in question, or they might attempt to handle them, but then end up feeling paralyzed before those tasks are completed. For example, if you need to clean up your entire house, the fact that the task will take so long and involve so many parts might cause you to feel overwhelmed, in which case you might avoid getting started on it in the first place.
- Task Aversion:
People often procrastinate because they are averse to the tasks that they need to perform. For example, if you need to make an important phone call to someone you dislike, you might end up procrastinating instead of just getting it done because you don’t want to talk to them.
High levels of distractibility can make a person more likely to procrastinate, such as when they lead people to constantly switch from one focus of attention to another. For example, a person who is studying for a test might end up procrastinating because they are constantly distracted by the notifications on their phone.
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